Seminar on When People Take Technology in Their Own Hands: Shared Machine Shops in Context

June 29, 2017
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Room S201, Tibi3)
Av Tibidabo, 47. Free Entry.

When people take technology in their own hands: Shared Machine Shops in Context

Shared Machine Shops – hacklabs, hackerspaces, makerspaces, Fab Labs, incubators and accelerators, medialabs and tech shops – have been widely studied as so many variations on the same theme: for instance as strange institutions performing the democratisation of innovation through the involvement of non-experts. Building on the results of multi-sited ethnographic research, in this workshop we take a more methodologically nuanced and empirically rigorous approach. It turns out that even if SMSs all provide access to machines for non-experts, their social functions can vary greatly according to how they integrate into the social fabric. In other words, the “lab format” is mobilised by a wide range of social groups (often simultaneously) for different ends and with varying results. Thus, the aim of the workshop is to explore the diversity of Shared Machine Shops and explain such diversity through situating the phenomena in its temporal, spatial, economic and ideological context.

16:00 – 16:20 Maxigas (OSI/CareNet). Lab Waves: The historical logic of Shared Machine Shop evolution.

16:20 – 16:40 Debora Lanzeni (Mediaccions). Performing futures for assembling smart city projects: From imaginaries to markets.

16:40 – 17:00 Rosen Bogdanov (OSI/Mediaccions). Do-it-together science and platforms for public participation: Can biohacking be legitimising synthetic biology in the EU?

17:00 – 18:00 Discussion

The seminar is organised in collaboration between the “Open Science and Innovation” research group and the “Mediaccions” research group, UOC.

Seminar on the role of networks in the social sciences

May 25, 2017
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Room 201, Tibi3)
Av Tibidabo, 47. Free Entry.

The role of networks in the social sciences

Networks have been studied since the beginning of the social sciences (by Malinowsky, Simmel, Moreno, etc.), particularly in anthropology where they have been a major tool for understanding kinship as the basis of social relations and cultural paradigms. Yet, the second part of the twentieth century saw the network model emerging as a major contender for understanding society sociologically (Barabássi) — so much so, that Actor-Network Theory famously sought to replace the very notion of society with networks, and sociology with their study (Latour’s claim). Today, network analysis can be used to attack any problem or sphere of life whatsoever. The triumphant advance of networks have been tightly coupled with the inspiring imaginative and efficient practical development and application of Information and Communication Technologies. Indeed, computerisation mediates social life as such through material and conceptual networks.
The seminar aims to take up such a two-pronged idea of “networkisaton” — in social life in general, and the social sciences in particular — as an object of reflection in itself. While network methods have been seized upon with great enthusiasm by scholars across diverse fields, analysing their role as a social ontology is often lost in the flurry of practical results. A telling symptom is that methodological textbooks on the topic often come without a historical exposé of the field. Addressing such amnesia may help to re-invigorate knowledge production on and about both society and networks.

17:00 – 17:20 Maxigas (OSI/CareNet). Introduction.

17:20 – 17:40 Ramon Ribera Fumaz (TURBA Lab). We have never been networked: A symmetric geographies exploration.

Departing from past and current debates on scalar and network politics in geography, this presentation explores how by reducing social space to network forms, current theories of networks do not allow to explain the actual existing geographies of internet driven capitalism and its alternatives.

17:40 – 18:00 Antonio Calleja-López (CNSC). Constructing and deconstructing networks: Scattered thoughts on the ontologies of the social

“Network” is a term that has been used to name or qualify an age, a type of society, a social form, a form of association, concrete technologies, a new science, an STS theory, a set of methods, a visualization paradigm, a conceptual vocabulary, and more. In this intervention I attend to some key contemporary discourses and practices around “networks” and discuss aspects of the ontologies underlying, or emerging from, them.

18:00 – 19:00 Discussion

On the political significance of the refusal of new technologies

Announcement at the university
Announcement at the university

Maxigas spoke on the “Emergent features of old new media: The case of IRC backlogs” at the Politics of Disconnection and Disruptive Media (Disconnect!) workshop organised by Anne Kaun at Södertörn University, December 12, 2016.

The workshop explored the possibilities of disconnection in digital culture and was the second event in a series dedicated to questions of disconnection. Current discourses on digital culture often link media technologies to immediate delivery and constant availability that result in the experience of hurried lives and a culture of speed (Davis, 2013; Rosa, 2013; Sharma, 2014; Tomlinson, 2007). However, in this context practices and technologies of disconnection emerge as well. We are interested in exploring how disconnection, i.e. the non-usage of digital media technologies is constructed as being of economic, cultural, social and political value in contemporary, information affluent societies. As the abundance of media technologies contributes to the necessity to make choices for connection or disconnection, use or non-use, participation or abstention, these choices are becoming of interest to the digital economy.

The full text of the presentation and the corresponding slides are available online. The talk text will be reworked for publication based on the feedback from the workshop. It will appear in Spring 2017 in the second edited volume on Technological Sovereignty edited by Alex Haché and published by Ritimo Foundation in English, French and Spanish.

Maxigas presented at hacker camp: What is critical technology appropriation?


Talk video available here.

The Hungarian Autonomous Center for Knowledge (H.A.C.K.) hackerspace in Budapest organised its annual hacker camp called Camp++ at Fortmonostor, on the Hungarian-Slovakian border on the banks of the Danube. Maxigas presented on “What is critical technology appropriation?”, introducing and combining concepts from Science and Technology Studies, pragmatic sociology and the history of technology, taking the case of Internet Relay Chat as a starting point. As a staple of Maxigas presentations, the critical stances of the Amish and the Luddites against capitalist, modern and liberal uses of technology have also been discussed. The aim of the presentation was to disseminate research results to practitioners, exchange ideas and experiences, and mutually shape an informed, critical, radical taste in technology choices. Here is the abstract from the conference program:

New technologies sometimes express a critique of the existing social conditions. However, their subsequent iterations often increasingly conform to the requirements of capitalism: capital accumulation (exploitation) and social peace (repression). The history of chat devices is no exception. Critical appropriation of IRC by contemporary peer production groups show how it is possible to resist such historical logic.

The talk is comprised of three parts.

First, I go over the history of technologically mediated chat, and propose a rough periodisation: chat programs, instant messaging applications, and social networking. I argue that the history of chat devices is a textbook example of recuperation.

Second, I talk about the contemporary use of IRC as a backstage infrastructure by peer production communities: free software developers, hackerspace members, (Anonymous) hacktivists and Wikipedia editors. I highlight the functional role that IRC in general plays in the contemporary media ecology, a technological landscape where social networking takes up most of the space. At the same time I also list some particular ways in which these different user groups appropriated the medium for their own ends.

Third, I draw the theoretical conclusion from these empirical details, answering the following question: what is critical technology appropriation, why is it important, and which conditions make it possible? I close the presentation with some reflections on the political meaning of the rejection of new technologies and the continued use of old technologies, in light of current proposals for decentralised and distributed communication tools.

The camp also included a traditional Sardine Tasting event in the spirit of sharing, seen below.

Sardine tasting, Camp++, photograph courtesy of boldi.
Sardine tasting, Camp++, photograph courtesy of boldi.

Whose ‘industrial revolution’? Track at the 4S/EASST conference

Illustration by Elizabeth Slote, montage by Maxigas.
Illustration by Elizabeth Slote, montage by Maxigas.

Maxigas convened a track with Adrian Smith and Johan Söderberg at the annual international meeting of the Society for the Social Studies of Science and the European Association for the Study of Science and Technology (4S/EASST), September 2016. The track attracted 25 abstracts and culminated in 10 presentations spread over two sessions. A report of the track by Yana Boeva and Bruno Chies is forthcoming in the next issue of the EASST Review. The track was announced in a blog post on the 4S website and other blogs. The outcome is a special issue of the Journal of Peer Production based on the track material and edited by convenor Adrian Smith and presenter Kat Braybrooke. The special issue is scheduled for early 2018.

Kat Braybrooke presenting at the 4S/EASST track.
Kat Braybrooke presenting at the 4S/EASST track. Source:

Keep empirical political

Harry Fain, coal loader, checks out in the afternoon after cleaning up after work. Inland Steel Company, Wheelwright #1 & 2 Mines, Wheelwright, Floyd County, Kentucky.
Harry Fain, coal loader, checks out in the afternoon after cleaning up after work. Inland Steel Company, Wheelwright #1 & 2 Mines, Wheelwright, Floyd County, Kentucky.

Maxigas keynoted the summer school Hackademia: Empirical Studies in Computing Cultures at the Leuphana University in Lüneburg, Germany. The rough text as well as the slides are available. Other keynote speakers included Chris Kelty, Adam Fish, Gabriella Coleman, Götz Bachmann.

Image source (public domain).

OSI participation in the ICWSM-15 workshop on Research into Wikipedia

Eduard Aibar took part in the 9th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM-15 (Oxford, UK, May 26-29, 2015). He attended the workshop Wikipedia, a Social Pedia: Research Challenges and Opportunities, with the paper “Wikipedia, Academia, and Science”.

Aibar’s paper presents some results of an ongoing OSI research project on the interactions between Wikipedia and Science, which analyses the scientific content of Wikipedia in order to explore how the non-expert nature of most of its editors and its open collaboration strategy shape the way science and technology issues are presented.

You can read the paper here.

The International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media (ICWSM) is a forum for researchers in computer science and social science to come together to share knowledge, discuss ideas, exchange information, and learn about cutting-edge research in diverse fields with the common theme of online social media. ICWSM, now in its ninth year, has become one of the premier venues for computational social science.

A document with all the papers of the workshop is available here.